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Updates found with 'stomach'

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Updates found with 'stomach'

How to Evaluate and Treat Dyspepsia?For a healthy body, proper digestion and absorption of food is very important. The digestion is an extremely intricate process and involves many organs. Impairment in any of the organs can hamper the digestive process, leading to a very common condition called dyspepsia. It is caused by malfunction of one of the muscular organs along the digestive tract including esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines and colon.Causes: While dyspepsia is more a symptom, there are various reasons that lead to it including gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, infections, motility disorders, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), cancers of the digestive tract or any other abnormality in the digestive tract.Evaluation: When a patient has chronic dyspepsia or indigestion, the first thing to do is a thorough evaluation to find out the underlying cause. As noted above, there are functional and nonfunctional causes leading to dyspepsia. While gastric ulcers or polyps are visible during an endoscopy, conditions like gastritis and malignancy can only be diagnosed under microscopic examinations.Some of the tests that are used for evaluation of the cause of dyspepsia include:1. X-ray: Any growth would be visible on an x-ray and further testing can then be done to confirm the exact nature of it.2. Endoscopy: This will allow the doctor to see the actual digestive tract and identify any structural abnormalities or growth.3. Colonoscopy: If the problem is suspected to be in the lower gastrointestinal tract, then a colonoscopy may be in indicated.4. Gastric emptying study: This study can also reveal the abnormalities in the digestive tract5. Culture: Dyspepsia caused by Helicobacter pylori can be diagnosed through cultures of the stomach contents.Treatment: The treatment of dyspepsia is quite complicated and cannot be clearly outlined given the various conditions that it is associated with. Even specific foods can induce indigestion in some people. Therefore, a multipronged approach is required to treat dyspepsia.Education: The affected person should be educated about the non-life-threatening nature of the problem and its chronicity. Some of the drugs used in treatment include:1. Proton pump inhibitors: These reduce the amount of acid produced in the stomach and thereby help in relieving symptoms.2. Promotility drugs: They improve the movement of the muscles in the intestinal tract and are so used in managing dyspepsia.3. Antibiotics: If an infection is suspected, antibiotics are effective.4. Smooth muscle relaxants: Drugs like hyoscyamine and methscopolamine have been shown to provide relief in some patients.5. Psychotropic drugs: Anxiety and depression are frequently seen in people with dyspepsia, and managing these can help reduce the dyspepsia.As noted, the causes, symptoms, and management are very specific to individuals and needs to be managed by the doctor.
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एसिडिटी उस अवस्था को माना जाता है जब किसी व्यक्ति के पेट / आमाशय (Stomach) के गैस्ट्रिक ग्रंथियों से एसिड का अतिरिक्त उत्पादन होता है। मनुष्य के आमाशय में हाइड्रो क्लोरिक एसिड (HCL) निकलता है जो मुहं द्वारा खाए हुए खाने को हज़म करने में मदद करता है।जैसे ही कोई व्यक्ति कुछ भोजन करता है या कुछ खाने की इच्छा होने पर भी हमारा आमाशय एसिड निकालने लगता है।लेकिन जब Stomach की ग्रंथियां जरूरत से ज्यादा हाइड्रो क्लोरिक एसिड (HCL) निकालने लगते हैं तो यह एसिडिटी का रूप धारण कर लेता है। ज्यादा एसिड निकलने के कारण पेट में अपचन (खाना हज़म ना होना), छाती में जलन , आमाशय में सुजन, और अलसर (Ulcer) जैसे लक्षण दिखाई देते हैं।causes of Acidity?Non-Veg FoodsOily, Spicy and Fatty FoodsSmoking and AlcoholModern Life StyleFertilizers and InsecticidesGastro Doctor in jaipur - Dr. Neeraj Nagaich
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Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography - Procedure and Results..Sometimes, when it comes to problems in the abdominal area, an ultrasound is not clear enough for a diagnosis. In such cases, an Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may be performed. This procedure gives the doctor a clear view of the duodenum, bile duct, pancreatic ducts, gallbladder and papilla of Vater.This procedure is usually performed under intravenous sedation without general anesthesia. This procedure involves the use of a duodenoscope, which can be described as a thin, long, flexible tube with a camera at one end. It also has a fiber optic bundle that transmits lights to the camera and a chip to transmit video images to a TV screen.This is inserted through the patient’s mouth and sent down the throat through the food pipe to the stomach and duodenum while the patient is lying on his or her back. The air pipe is left undisturbed so as to not interfere with the patient’s breathing. Since the patient is not under general anesthesia, he or she can move and turn according to the doctor’s needs. The papilla of Vater is a small nipple like structure with an opening to the bile duct and pancreatic duct. Once this has been identified, a small plastic catheter is passed through the duodenoscope into the bile duct or pancreatic duct through the papilla. Dye is then injected into the area and X-rays are taken of the bile ducts and pancreatic duct. In cases where a biopsy is needed, other instruments can also be passed through the endoscope. Plastic or metal stents can also be passed through this to relieve obstructions in the bile ducts and pancreatic ducts.ERCP can be used to diagnose and treat a number of conditions in the liver, bile ducts, gall bladder, pancreas and papilla of Vater. These include:• Blockage of the bile duct by gallstones, cancer, scars, tumors or compression from adjacent organs.• Jaundice due to an obstructed bile duct. This can also cause light stools and dark urine.• Persistent upper abdominal pain• Unexplained weight loss and loss of appetite• Diagnosing a Dysfunctioning Sphincter of Oddi within the Papilla of VaterERCP can also be used to confirm pancreatic cancer and cancer of the bile duct. Once the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctors can customize treatment according to the patient’s needs.
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GERDOVERVIEWThe Gastroesophageal reflux is commonly known as Acid reflux. It is a chronic digestive disorder wherein the stomach acids or contents flow back into the esophagus. The disease is characterized by a burning sensation in the chest region, chest pain, difficulty in swallowing, dry cough and lumpy sensation in the throat. The disease is easily mistaken with heartburn due to the similarity of symptoms.In most cases, people can overcome the effects of acid reflux in the natural course. However, in certain cases medical attention and treatment is necessary. People who are more likely to develop the disease include those with obesity issues, smoking habit, diabetes and constipation.Chronic occurrence of the disease in due course could lead to a narrowing of the esophagus or result in sores of the esophagus. In some extreme cases acid reflux could culminate in esophageal cancer, the occurrence of which is considerably low.SYMPTOMSThe common symptoms of Acid Reflux can be enumerated as the following• Burning sensation in the chest area• Problems in swallowing• Dry cough• Lumpiness in the throat• Regurgitation of foodCAUSES & RISK FACTORSLifestyle factors play a critical role in the incidence of acid reflux. Factors such as obesity, excessive weight gain and smoking greatly increase the risk while pre-existing health conditions frequent constipation, diabetes, asthma and others also add to the risk.ComplicationBleedingStrictureRespiratory symptoms not responding to treatmentBarrets esophagus CancerDiagnosisUGI Endoscopy (Painless)PH monitoringManometry
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