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Updates found with 'overview'

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Updates found with 'overview'

GERDOVERVIEWThe Gastroesophageal reflux is commonly known as Acid reflux. It is a chronic digestive disorder wherein the stomach acids or contents flow back into the esophagus. The disease is characterized by a burning sensation in the chest region, chest pain, difficulty in swallowing, dry cough and lumpy sensation in the throat. The disease is easily mistaken with heartburn due to the similarity of symptoms.In most cases, people can overcome the effects of acid reflux in the natural course. However, in certain cases medical attention and treatment is necessary. People who are more likely to develop the disease include those with obesity issues, smoking habit, diabetes and constipation.Chronic occurrence of the disease in due course could lead to a narrowing of the esophagus or result in sores of the esophagus. In some extreme cases acid reflux could culminate in esophageal cancer, the occurrence of which is considerably low.SYMPTOMSThe common symptoms of Acid Reflux can be enumerated as the following• Burning sensation in the chest area• Problems in swallowing• Dry cough• Lumpiness in the throat• Regurgitation of foodCAUSES & RISK FACTORSLifestyle factors play a critical role in the incidence of acid reflux. Factors such as obesity, excessive weight gain and smoking greatly increase the risk while pre-existing health conditions frequent constipation, diabetes, asthma and others also add to the risk.ComplicationBleedingStrictureRespiratory symptoms not responding to treatmentBarrets esophagus CancerDiagnosisUGI Endoscopy (Painless)PH monitoringManometry
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COLON / RECTAL CANCEROVERVIEWColon cancer is cancer of the large intestine while rectal cancers occur in the last part of the colon. The two are combined and known as colorectal cancers and often begin as non-cancerous tissues known as polyps. The polyps over a period of time grow into cancerous cells. Polyps themselves do not have any symptoms but with their metamorphosis into cancerous cells they begin to exhibit certain evident symptoms.Regular check-up to identify the presence of polyps and their removal is suggested to ensure that the risk of colon cancer is lowered. Colorectal Cancer is caused by the genetic mutation of cells turning them from normal to abnormal cells in the colon. The exact cause of the mutation is yet unascertained.Adhering to a healthy lifestyle and staying away from smoking, drinking & drug abuse helps decrease the risk of cancer. Including fibers in diet and following a healthy fitness regime is also helpful.SYMPTOMSThe common symptoms of Colorectal Cancer can be enumerated as the following• Rectal bleeding or blood in stools• Frequent diarrhea or constipation• Abdominal discomfort - gas, cramps etc., • Unexplained weight loss• Excessive & frequent fatigueCAUSES & RISK FACTORSColorectal Cancer is caused by the genetic mutation of cells turning them from normal to abnormal cells in the colon. The exact cause of the mutation is yet unascertained. A low-fiber, high-fat diet also increases the risk of colorectal cancer as does type-2 diabetes, sedentary lifestyle and excessive smoking and drinking.DiagnosisStool testColonoscopy (painless)Sigmoidoscopy
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