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Updates found with 'effects'

What is Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)? In healthy individuals, the liver contains little or no fat. In overweight or obese people, gradual fat accumulation leads to significant liver disease. Interestingly, these individuals may be consuming minimal to no alcohol. So, alcohol, which is the main cause for liver damage, does not have a significant role to play.The non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has 4 significant stages as outlined below. It is a chronically progressive disease and may take years to reach the final stages of cirrhosis and fibrosis.1. Simple fatty liver (steatosis): This is usually identified when diagnostic tests are done for some other suspected conditions. There are usually no symptoms obvious in this stage, other than the buildup of fat in the liver.2. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH): The second stage where the liver is inflamed to a greater extent due to fat accumulation.3. Fibrosis: The next degree of inflammation where blood vessels may be narrowed leading to scarring in the liver with impaired liver functions.4. Cirrhosis: This is the most severe stage that occurs due to years of cumulative inflammation. The liver shrinks in size, is scarred, and liver functions are markedly impaired and can also result in liver cancer.Risk factors for NAFLD: The exact reason why a person develops NAFLD is not established, but some of the risk factors include1. Obesity, with more weight concentrated around the abdomen2. Type 2 diabetes3. High blood pressure4. High cholesterol levels5. Age greater than 506. SmokingSymptoms: This will depend on the stage in which it is identified. While there are no symptoms in the early stages, in some people there could be a dull, aching below the ribs, unexplained weight loss, weakness, and extreme tiredness. As it progresses to cirrhosis, there could be jaundice, fluid accumulation in the abdomen and feet, and itching of the skin.Management: While there is no treatment aimed at curing the disease per se, there are ways to manage the symptoms, as noted below.1. Weight loss: Reducing excess accumulated fat will help reverse symptoms and prevent further progression of the disease. A BMI of 18 to 26 is considered optimal.2. Dietary changes: Modify your diet to a carbohydrates and protein rich and reduced fats and sugars. Increasing fiber through fruits and vegetables is highly recommended.3. Exercise: Whatever your choice of workout, it will do wonders for NAFLD. Keep a target of an hour or two of moderate to intense exercise per day to reduce weight.4. Smoking: This is another risk factor and can also help prevent other effects of NAFLD such as diabetes and heart disease.NAFLD is highly controllable with these changes and other damages can be reversed too. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a gastroenterologist.
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GERDOVERVIEWThe Gastroesophageal reflux is commonly known as Acid reflux. It is a chronic digestive disorder wherein the stomach acids or contents flow back into the esophagus. The disease is characterized by a burning sensation in the chest region, chest pain, difficulty in swallowing, dry cough and lumpy sensation in the throat. The disease is easily mistaken with heartburn due to the similarity of symptoms.In most cases, people can overcome the effects of acid reflux in the natural course. However, in certain cases medical attention and treatment is necessary. People who are more likely to develop the disease include those with obesity issues, smoking habit, diabetes and constipation.Chronic occurrence of the disease in due course could lead to a narrowing of the esophagus or result in sores of the esophagus. In some extreme cases acid reflux could culminate in esophageal cancer, the occurrence of which is considerably low.SYMPTOMSThe common symptoms of Acid Reflux can be enumerated as the following• Burning sensation in the chest area• Problems in swallowing• Dry cough• Lumpiness in the throat• Regurgitation of foodCAUSES & RISK FACTORSLifestyle factors play a critical role in the incidence of acid reflux. Factors such as obesity, excessive weight gain and smoking greatly increase the risk while pre-existing health conditions frequent constipation, diabetes, asthma and others also add to the risk.ComplicationBleedingStrictureRespiratory symptoms not responding to treatmentBarrets esophagus CancerDiagnosisUGI Endoscopy (Painless)PH monitoringManometry
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