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Home All Updates (36) COLON / RECTAL CANCE
COLON / RECTAL CANCE
COLON / RECTAL CANCER OVERVIEW Colon cancer is cancer of the large intestine while rectal cancers occur in the last part of the colon. The two are combined and known as colorectal cancers and often begin as non-cancerous tissues known as polyps. The polyps over a period of time grow into cancerous cells. Polyps themselves do not have any symptoms but with their metamorphosis into cancerous cells they begin to exhibit certain evident symptoms. Regular check-up to identify the presence of polyps and their removal is suggested to ensure that the risk of colon cancer is lowered. Colorectal Cancer is caused by the genetic mutation of cells turning them from normal to abnormal cells in the colon. The exact cause of the mutation is yet unascertained. Adhering to a healthy lifestyle and staying away from smoking, drinking & drug abuse helps decrease the risk of cancer. Including fibers in diet and following a healthy fitness regime is also helpful. SYMPTOMS The common symptoms of Colorectal Cancer can be enumerated as the following • Rectal bleeding or blood in stools • Frequent diarrhea or constipation • Abdominal discomfort - gas, cramps etc., • Unexplained weight loss • Excessive & frequent fatigue CAUSES & RISK FACTORS Colorectal Cancer is caused by the genetic mutation of cells turning them from normal to abnormal cells in the colon. The exact cause of the mutation is yet unascertained. A low-fiber, high-fat diet also increases the risk of colorectal cancer as does type-2 diabetes, sedentary lifestyle and excessive smoking and drinking. Diagnosis Stool test Colonoscopy (painless) Sigmoidoscopy
  • 2017-04-03T18:34:38

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